[BoDD logo]

Custom Search

 
Google uses cookies
to display context-
sensitive ads on this
page. Learn how to
manage Google cookies
by visiting the

Google Technologies Centre

 
 
 
 
 ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼

 

 

 ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲

[BBEdit logo]

 

LEGUMINOSAE — 13
References

(Pea or Bean family)

 


References

  • Abramowitz, E.W. and Swarts, W.B. (1938) Dermatitis due to cocobolo wood. Archs Derm. Syph. 37: 441.
  • Agrup, G. (1969) Hand eczema and other hand dermatoses in South Sweden. Acta Derm.-Vener. 49(Suppl. 61): 1-91.
  • Aldersley, R.B. (1925) Sensitiveness to proteins of wood. Med. J. Australia 2: 25.
  • Allen PH (1943) Poisonous and injurious plants of Panama. American Journal of Tropical Medicine 23(Suppl): 3-76
  • Ames T, Angelos J, Gould S, Kullot D, Jergens T, Voller K, Moberg R, Ruth G, O'leary T, Murphy M (1994) Secondary photosensitization in horses eating Cymodothea trifolli infested clover. 37th Annual Meeting, American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Abstracts. Grand Rapids, Michigan. p. 45
  • Anderson, C.R. (1944) Contact dermatitis from alfalfa and bur clover. Archs Derm. Syph. 5: 201.
  • Angelini, G., Rantuccio, F. and Meneghini, C.L. (1975) Contact dermatitis in patients with leg ulcers. Contact Dermatitis 1(2): 81-87.
  • Anon (1933) Erkrankungen bei Benutzung von Cocobolo - Blöckfloten. Collegium Musicum (Bärenreiter) 1: 13.
  • Aplin TEH (1976) Poisonous garden plants and other plants harmful to man in Australia. Western Australian Department of Agriculture Bulletin (3964): 1-58
  • Arctander S (1960) Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin. Elizabeth, NJ: S Arctander [WorldCat] [url]
  • Arthur RP and Shelley WB (1955) The role of proteolytic enzymes in the production of pruritus in man. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 25(5): 341-346
  • Arzt, L. (1948) Weiterer Beitrag zur "Melanosis Riehl". Wien. Klin. Wochnschr. 60: 594.
  • Barroso, C. (1947) Dermatite eczematosa de tipo dermocontacto provocaca pela serragem de caviuna (Dalbergia nigra). Hospital, Rio de Janeiro 31: 291.
  • Baumer M (1955) Que faut-il croire de la toxicité de certains bois tropicaux? [Thoughts about the toxicity of certain tropical woods]. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques (43): 27-36 [url] [url-2]
  • Beekman, W.B. (1964) Elsevier's Wood Dictionary in Seven Languages. 2 Vols. Amsterdam. Elsevier.
  • Bernhard-Smith, A. (1923) Poisonous Plants of All Countries. 2nd edn. London. Baillière, Tindall and Cox.
  • Behl, P.N., Captain, R.M., Bedi, B.M.S. and Gupta, S. (1966) Skinirritant and Sensitizing Plants found in India, New Delhi. P.N. Behl, Irwin Hospital.
  • Bequaert J (1922) Ants in their diverse relations to the plant world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45(4): 333-583 [url]
  • Bevan, C.W.L. (1958) Wood extractives. West Afr. J. Biol. Chem. 2: 36.
  • Blaisdell, J.H. (1924) Case histories in Dermatology. Urol. Cut. Rev. 28: 665.
  • Boas, I.H. (1947) The Commercial Timbers of Australia. Their Properties and Uses. Melbourne. ment Printer. Commonwealth of Australia. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.
  • Bohner, C.B., Sheldon, J.M. and Trenis, J.W. (1941) Sensitivity to gum acacia, with report of 10 cases of asthma in printers. J. Allergy 12: 290.
  • Boulger, G.S. (1908) Wood. 2nd edn. London, Arnold. Cited by Woods and Calnan (1976)
  • Briggs, L.H. (1946) Plant products of New Zealand. J. Proc. Royal Soc. New South Wales 80: 151.
  • Brown, T.H. (1970) Part III Drug Index in Current Dermatologic Management. ed. Maddin, S. St. Louis. C.V. Mosby.
  • Brunner, H. and Bieberdorf, F.W. (1950) The effects of the mesquite thorn on the human eye. Trans. Am. Acad. Opthal. 54: 595.
  • Budavari S (Ed.) (1996) The Merck Index. An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. 12th edn. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck & Co., Inc.
  • Burgess, P.F. (1966) Timbers of Sabah (Sabah Forest Records No. 6). Sabah, Malaysia. The Forest Department.
  • Burkill, I.H. (1935) A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. 2 Vols. London. Crown Agents for the Colonies.
  • Burry, J.N. (1969) The value of patch testing: A review of 363 cases of allergic contact dermatitis. Med. J. Australia 1: 1226.
  • Calnan, C.D. (1975a) Resorcinol monobenzoate. Contact Dermatitis 1: 59.
  • Calnan, C.D. (1975b) Active sensitization to para and Balsam of Peru. Contact Dermatitis 1: 126.
  • Chafee, F.H. (1941) Sensitivity to peanut oil with report of a case. Ann. Int. Med. 15: 1116.
  • Cirla, A.M., Nava, C. and Limonta, A. (1970) A case of occupational allergy to tamarind flour. Med. Lav. 61: 447.
  • Claus EP, Tyler VE, Brady LR (1970) Pharmacognosy. 6th edn. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger
  • Cleland, J.B. (1931) Plants including fungi, poisonous or otherwise injurious to man in Australia III. Med. J. Australia 2: 775.
  • Cleland, J.B. (1943) Plants including fungi, poisonous or otherwise injurious to man in Australia. IV. Med. J. Australia. 11: 161.
  • Cleland, J.B. (1943) Plants including fungi, poisonous or otherwise injurious to man in Australia. (Series II). Med. J. Australia 2: 443.
  • Cocker, W., Dahl, T., Dempsey, C. et al. (1962) Extractives from Andira inermis. J. Chem. Soc. 4906.
  • Collins, F.W. and Mitchell, J.C. (1975) Aroma chemicals. Reference sources for perfume and flavour ingredients with special reference to cinnamic aldehyde. Contact Dermatitis 1: 43.
  • Codd LEW (1951) Trees and Shrubs of the Kruger National Park. Union of South Africa. Department of Agriculture. Botanical Survey Memoir. No. 26
  • Conn BJ, Damas KQ (2005g) PNGTreesKey — Erythrina merrilliana Krukoff. [online article]: http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/TreeDescriptions/Erythrina_merrilliana_Krukoff.html; accessed June 2011 [url]
  • Conn JW, Rovner DR, Cohen EL (1968) Licorice-induced pseudoaldosteronism. Hypertension, hypokalemia, aldosteronopenia, and suppressed plasma renin activity. Journal of the American Medical Association 205(7): 492-496
  • Cornbleet, T. and Holt, L. (1957) Alopecia from coumarin. Arch. Derm. 75: 440.
  • Corner EJH (1952) Wayside Trees of Malaya. 2nd edn. Vol. 1. Singapore: VCG Gatrell, Government Printer
  • Crounse, R.G., Maxwell, J.D. and Blank, H. (1962) Inhibition of growth of hair by mimosine. Nature 194: 694.
  • Crocker, H.R. (1903) Diseases of the Skin. 3rd ed. p. 418. London, Lewis.
  • Cummer, C.L. (1927) Dermatitis produced by balsam of Peru. Archs Derm. Syph. 16: 44.
  • Dahlgren BE, Standley PC (1944) Edible and Poisonous Plants of the Caribbean Region. Issued by the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Navy Department. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Daily Mail Reporter (2006) Dog walker killed by a scratch from a gorse bush. Daily Mail, North West Edition (34200; 19 May): 39 [online article] http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-386908/Dog-walker-killed-scratch-gorse-bush.html ; accessed May 2013 [url]
  • Dalziel, J.M. (1937) The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. London. Crown Agents.
  • Dao L (1967) Dermatitis por plantas en los llanos de Venezuela. [Dermatitis from plants in the plains of Venezuela]. Dermatologia Internationalis 6(2): 77-81
  • Davies, J.H.T. and Barker, A.N. (1944) Textile dermatitis. Brit. J. Derm. Syph. 56: 33.
  • Dean, F.M. (1963) Naturally Occurring Oxygen Ring Compounds. London. Butterworths.
  • Dempsey, C.B. and Donnelly, D.M.X. (1963) Extractives of Dalbergia latifolia. Chem. Ind. (23 March): 491.
  • Dewick PM (1997) Medicinal Natural Products. A biosynthetic approach. Chichester: John Wiley
  • De Carvalho, L.P. (1956) Dos alergenos de contato nas profissoes. Brasil. Med. 70: 77.
  • Di Stasi LC, Oliveira GP, Carvalhaes MA, Queiroz-Junior M, Tien OS, Kakinami SH, Reis MS (2002) Medicinal plants popularly used in the Brazilian tropical Atlantic forest. Fitoterapia 73(1): 69-91
  • Dodd S (1916) Trefoil dermatitis. Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics 29: 47-62
  • Donnelly, D.M.X., Nangle, B.J., Prendergast, J.P. et al. (1968) Isolation of R-5-O-methyllatifolin from Dalbergia cochinchinensis Pierre. Phytochemistry 7: 647.
  • Donnelly, B.J., Donnelly, D.M.X., O'Sullivan, A.M. et al. (1969) The isolation and structure of melanoxin, a new dihydrobenzfuran from Dalbergia melanoxylon. Tetrahedron 25: 4409.
  • Dorne, M. and Friedman, T.B. (1940) Derris root dermatitis. J. Am. Med. Ass. 115: 1268.
  • Downing, J.G. (1950) Simulation and self infliction as encountered in industrial dermatology. Arch. Industr. Hyg. Occup. Med. 1: 271.
  • Dubreuilh, W. (1931) L'eczéma des bûcherons. Ann. Derm. Syph. 7(S.2): 199.
  • Duke-Elder, S. (1965) System of Ophthalmology. Vol. VIII. Diseases of the,Outer eye. Part I. Allergic keratoconjunctivitis. pp 451. London. Henry Kimpton.
  • Duke-Elder S, MacFaul PA (1972b) System of Ophthalmology, Vol. XIV. Injuries Part 2. Non-Mechanical Injuries. London: Henry Kimpton
  • Eaton, K.K. (1973) Respiratory allergy due to exotic wood dust. Clinical Allergy 3: 307.
  • Ebner, H. (1974) Peru balsam und Parfüms. Hautarzt 25: 123.
  • Editorial (1957) Wood dust and the wood worker. Timber Technology 65: 205.
  • Edwards, J.K. (1941) Proc. S. Dakota Acad. Sci. 21: 22, quoted by Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk (1962).
  • Escartefigue M (1935) Dermo-épidermite eczématiforme du cou et des avant-bras consécutive au port d'un collier et d'un bracelet en bois de palissandre. [Eczematoid dermatitis of the neck and forearms from wearing a necklace and bracelet made of palisander wood]. Bulletin de la Société Française de Dermatologie et de Syphiligraphie 42: 670-671
  • Everist, S.L. (1972) Queensland Herbarium, Brisbane, Australia Personal communication to J.C. Mitchell concerning plants recorded in Australia as having caused dermatitis or other contact injury to man or livestock.
  • Eyton, W.B., Ollis, W.D., Sutherland, I.O. et al. (1962) Dalbergiones: a new group of natural products. Proc. Chem. Soc. 301.
  • Eyton, W.B., Ollis, W.D., Sutherland, I.O. et al. (1965) The neoflavanoid group of natural products I-III Tetrahedron 31: 2683.
  • Eyton, W.B., Ollis, W.D., Sutherland, I.O. et al. (1965) The neoflavonoid group of natural products. I. Dalbergiones, a new class of quinones. Tetrahedron 21: 2683.
  • Farmer, R.H. (1972) A Handbook of Hardwoods. 2nd edn. London. H.M.S.O.
  • Felter HW and Lloyd JU (1898) King's American Dispensatory. 18th edn; 3rd revn. Vol. I & II. Cincinnati: Ohio Valley
  • Ferrand, M., Rabeau, H. and Ukrainczyk (1937) Intolérance aux résines chez un artiste peintre. Tests cutanés. Bull. Soc. Franc. Derm. Syph. 44: 77.
  • Filho, R.B. and Gottlieb, O.R. (1968) Oxianinas A: Flavonas hexaoxigenades de apuleia leiocarpa. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 40: 151.
  • Filmer JF (1929) A peculiar dermatitis affecting dairy cows. Australian Veterinary Journal 5(1): 29-30
  • Findley, L.J. (1972) An unusual case of rosewood dermatitis of the genus Dalbergia (East Indian rosewood). Brit. J. Industr. Med. 29: 343.
  • Fisher, A.A. (1974) The clinical significance of positive patch test reactions to Balsam of Peru. Cutis 13: 909.
  • Fox, E.C. (1941) Mesquite wood dermatitis. Archs Derm. Syph. 44: 1098.
  • Fregert, S. and Moller, H. (1963) Contact allergy to balsam of Peru in children. Brit. J. Derm. 75: 218.
  • Friese, F.W. (1932) Gesundheitsschädigungen durch Arbeiten mit giftigen Hölzern. Beobachtungen aus brasilianischen Gewerbebetrieben. Archiv für Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene 3: 1.
  • Friese, F.W. (1936) Vergiftungen durch Brasilianische Werkhölzer I. II. Sammlung der Vergiftungsfallen 7C: 1 & 61.
  • Friis, B. and Hjorth, N. (1973) Immediate reactions to patch tests with balsam of Peru. Contact Dermatitis Newsletter (13): 389.
  • Furia TE and Bellanca N (Eds) (1971) Fenaroli's Handbook of Flavor Ingredients. Cleveland, Ohio: Chemical Rubber Co.
  • Gardner CA and Bennetts HW (1956) The Toxic Plants of Western Australia. Perth: West Australian Newspapers
  • Garratt, G.A. (1922) Poisonous woods. J. Forestry 20: 479.
  • Geissman, T.A. and Crout, D.H.G. (1969) Organic Chemistry of Secondary Plant Metabolism. San Francisco. Freeman, Cooper Co.
  • Gibbs RC (1963) History of chemical taxonomy. In: Swain T (Ed.) Chemical Plant Taxonomy. London: Academic Press
  • Golse, M.J. (1937) Les plates toxiques des Colonies. Bull. Trav. Soc. Pharm. Bordeaux. 75: 102.
  • Gougerot, (1952) cites a paper by Jeaume and Naroc.
  • Gougerot and Blamoutier (1922). Dermite eczémateuse professionnelle du à la poudre de pallisandre. Bull. Mem. Soc. Méd. Hôp. Paris 46: 739.
  • Gougerot and Delay (1932) Eczéma par sensibilisation au bois de palissandre. Bull. Soc. Franc. Derm. 39: 1339.
  • Grant, W.M. (1962) Toxicology of the Eye. Springfield, Ill. Charles C. Thomas.
  • Grater, W.C. (1975) Report on weed dermatitis. In: Dermatology in Practice 8: 2 (Lederle Labs.)
  • Greenberg, L.A. and Lester, D. (1954) Handbook of Cosmetic Materials. New York. Interscience.
  • Griebel, C.R. (1935) Concerning a rare form of allergy. Ztschr. für Laryng. Rhin. Otol. 26: 99 (German).
  • Griffioen, K. (1949) Bevat Djeungdjinghout een giftige en irriterende Stof? Tectona 39: 175.
  • Gronemeyer, W. and Fuchs, E. (1967) Krankheiten durch inhalative Allergen-Invasion. In: Lehrbuch der Klinischen Allergie. ed. Hansen, K. and Werner, M. Stuttgart. Thieme.
  • Grossmann, J. (1910) Gesundheitsschädliche Hölzer. Bayrische Industrielle Gewerbeblatt 96(6): 51.
  • Grossmann, J. (1920) Gesundheitsschädliche Holzarten. Der Holzkäufer (Leipzig) 17: 529, 535, 540 and 545.
  • Groth O and Tengstrom B (1960) Haemorrhagic necrosis of the skin during dicoumarol therapy. Acta Dermato-Venereologica 40: 104-107
  • Gutman SG and Somov BA (1968) Allergicheskie reaktsii, vyzvannye komponentami parfiumernykh sredstv. [Allergic reactions caused by components of perfume products]. Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii 42(1): 62-66
  • Handbook of Hardwoods (1956) Forest Products Research. Ministry of Technology. London. HMSO.
  • Hanslian L, Kadlec K (1966a) Dřevo z hlediska hygienického (VII). Biologicky silnĕ agresívní dřeviny. [Wood from a health perspective (VII). Biologically very aggressive trees]. Drevo 21: 157-160
  • Hanslian L, Kadlec K (1966b) Dřevo z hlediska hygienického (VIII). Biologicky účinné a málo účinné dřeviny. [Wood from a health perspective (VII). Trees with some or little biological activity]. Drevo 21: 229-232
  • Harborne, J.B. (1966) The evolution of flavonoid pigments in plants. In: Comparative Phytochemistry. ed. Swain, T. London. Academic Press.
  • Harborne, J.B., Boulter, D. and Turner, B.L. (1971) Chemotaxonomy of the Leguminosae. London. Academic Press.
  • Hardin JW and Arena JM (1974) Human Poisoning from Native and Cultivated Plants, 2nd edn. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
  • Hausen, B.M. (1970) Untersuchungen über Gesundheitsschädigende Hölzer. Thesis, Hamburg.
  • Hausen, B.M. (1974) Personal communication to J.C. Mitchell.
  • Hausen BM (1981) Woods Injurious to Human Health. A manual. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Hausen, B.M., Simatupang, M.H., and Kingreen, J.C. (1972) Untersuchungen zur Überempfindlichkeit gegen Sucupira- und Palisander-holz. Berufsdermatosen 20: 1.
  • Heilig, P.M. (1957) Ziekten veroorzaakt door bewerking van zekere houtscorten. Vakbl. Moubelind 38: 1440. cited by Hausen (1970).
  • Hellier, F.F. (1960) Dermatitis purpurica after contact with textiles. Hautarzt 11: 173.
  • Heyl, U. (1966) Kontaktekzem bei Überempfindlichkeit gegen sucupira- und Palisander-Holz. Berufsdermatosen 14: 239.
  • Hjorth, N. (1959) Eczematous allergy to Balsam of Peru and allied natural resins. Presentation to the European Congress of Allergy. London. Sept. 3.
  • Hjorth, N. (1961) Eczematous Allergy to Balsams, Allied Perfumes and Flavouring Agents. Copenhagen, Munksgaard.
  • Hjorth N (1968) Personal communication to Mitchell JC. In: Mitchell J and Rook A (1979) Botanical Dermatology. Plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass. p. 430
  • Hjorth, N., Fregert, S. and Schildknecht, H. (1969) Cross-sensitisation between synthetic primin and related quinones. Acta Derm.-Venereol. 49: 552.
  • Hofstetter JR and Clement F (1970) Simulateurs aux anticoagulants ("Dicumarol eaters"). [Anticoagulant malingerers ("dicoumarol eaters")]. Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift 100(46): 2007-2009
  • Hollander, L. (1941) Dermatitis due to stain on the wooden handle of a kitchen knife. Archs Derm. Syph. 43: 381.
  • Holtzapffel, C. and Royle (1843) Descriptive catalogue of the woods commonly employed in this country for the mechanical and ornamental arts. An extract from: Turning and Mechanical Manipulation. London, Holtzapffel quoted by Woods, B. and Calnan, C.D. (1976).
  • Howell, J.B. and Blair, D.S. (1950) Eczema of the hands from wooden handled objects. Archs Derm. Syph. 62: 400.
  • Howes FN (1974) A Dictionary of Useful and Everyday Plants and their Common Names. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Huang KC (1993) The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press
  • Hublet P, Sporcq J, Oleffe J et al. (1972) Etude sur les accidents cutanes et muqueux provoques par les bois tropicaux dans l'industrie due bois en Belgique. Arch. Belges Med. Social. 30: 314.
  • Hudelo and Dumet (1924) Dermatosis from the bites of pediculoides ventricosus in grain loaders. Bull. Soc. Franc. Derm. Syph 31: 405.
  • Hunt P (Ed.) (1968/70) The Marshall Cavendish Encyclopedia of Gardening. London: Marshall Cavendish [WorldCat]
  • Hurst E (1942) The Poison Plants of New South Wales. Sydney: NSW Poison Plants Committee
  • Irvine FR (1961) Woody Plants of Ghana. With special reference to their uses. London: Oxford University Press [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Iwukuwa, K. (1911) Uber des entzundungserregende Pulver des japanischen Nutzholzes "Tagayasan". Arch. Exp. Path. Pharm. 65: 315.
  • Jacklin, H.N. (1965) Depigmentation of the eyelids in eserine allergy. Amer. J. Ophthal. 59: 89.
  • Kariyone, T. (1971) Atlas of Medicinal Plants. Osaka, Japan. Takeda Chemical Industries.
  • Kaufman, W.H. (1954) Alfalfa seed dermatitis. J. Am. Med. Ass. 155: 1058.
  • Kerl, W. (1921) Über die "Melanose (Riehl)". Arch. Dermat. u. Syph. 130: 436.
  • King, F.E., Grundon, M.F. and Neill, N.G. (1952) Constituents of the heartwood of Ferreira spectabilis. J. Chem. Soc. : 4580.
  • Kingsbury JM (1964) Poisonous Plants of the United States and Canada. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall
  • Krogh, H.K. (1964) Contact eczema caused by true teak (Tectona grandis). A follow-up study of a previous epidemiological investigation, and a study into the sensitizing effect of various teak extracts. Brit. J. Indust. Med. 21: 65.
  • Kukachka, B.F. (1970) Properties of imported tropical woods. U.S.D.A. Forest Service Research Paper. FPL125 March. U.S. Dept. Agric. Forest Service.Forest Products Laboratory. Madison, Wis. USA
  • Laslett, T. (1894) Timber and Timber Trees. 2nd edn. p. 226. London, MacMillan. Cited by Woods and Calnan (1976)
  • Lavy, R. (1964) Thrombocytopenic purpura due to Lupinus termis bean. J. Allergy 35: 386.
  • Legge, T.M. (1907) Report of the Chief Inspector of Factories and Workshops. 1907, 248, London.
  • Leider, M. and Schwartzfeld, H.K. (1950) Allergic eczematous contact type dermatitis caused by Cocobolo wood (Dalbergia). Archs Derm. 62: 125.
  • Levin, S.J. (1941) Cocobolo wood dermatitis. J. Allergy 12: 489.
  • Levin, O.L. and Behrman, H.T. (1939) Bracelet dermatitis. New York State J. Med. 39: 1877.
  • Lewin, L. (1928) Gifte in Holzgewerbe. Beiträge zur Giftkunde. Heft 1. Berlin, Georg Stilke Verlag. cited by Hausen (1970)
  • Lewin, L. (1962) Gifte und Vergiftungen. Ulm, Haug.
  • Loveman, A.B. (1938) Stomatitis venenata. Report of a case of sensitivity of the mucous membranes and the skin to oil of anise. Archs Derm. Syph. 37: 70.
  • Mabberley DJ (2008) Mabberley's Plant-Book. A portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, 3rd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [WorldCat]
  • MacKenna, R.M.B. and Horner, S. (1954) Occupational skin diseases. In: Industrial Medicine and Hygiene. ed. Merewether, E.R.A. London. Butterworth.
  • Maibach, H.I. (1970) Active sensitisation to wood extracts. Contact Dermatitis Newsletter, London. (7): 149.
  • Maiden JH (1891) On two undescribed exudations from the Leguminosæ. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 6, Pt 4: 679-681
  • Maiden JH (1895) Botanical notes. Is Goodia poisonous to stock? Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 6(5): 306-307
  • Maiden JH (1909) On some plants which cause inflammation or irritation of the skin. Part II. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 20(12; Dec 2): 1073-1082
  • Maiden, J.H. (1919) Notes on Acacia. No. IV. J. Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 53: 219.
  • Maiden JH (1921) Plants which produce inflammation or irritation of the skin. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 32(3): 206
  • Martindale WH and Westcott WW (1924) The Extra Pharmacopoeia of Martindale and Westcott. 18th edn. Vol. 1 & 2. London: HK Lewis
  • Mathews FP (1937) Photosensitization and the photodynamic diseases of man and the lower animals. Archives of Pathology 23: 399
  • Matras (1931) Phytogene Dermatitis durch Esparsetteklee (Onobrychis) Zbl. Hautkrkh 36: 163. cited by Touton (1932).
  • Maytum, C.K. and Magath, T.B. (1932) Sensitivity to acacia. J. Am. Med. Ass. 99: 2251.
  • McCord, C.P. (1962) The occupational toxicity of cultivated flowers. Ind. Med. Surg. 31: 365.
  • McKee, G.M. (1913) Dermatitis venenata from cocobolo wood. J. Cutan. Dis. 31: 582.
  • McKee, H.S. (1958) South Pacific Comm. Quart. Bull. 8: 62 cited by Biology Data Book (1964) ed. Altman, P.L. and Dittmer, D.S. Washington, D.C. Fed. Amer. Soc. Exp. Biol.
  • Menninger EA (1967) Fantastic Trees. New York: Viking Press.
  • Meister, H. (1934) Über eine neue Ätiologie für Gesichtsekzeme. Schweiz. Med. Wschr. ii, 993 ; Meister, H. (1934) New etiology of facial eczema. J. Am. Med. Ass. 103: 2058.
  • Merzouki A, Ed-derfoufi F, Molero Mesa J (2000) Contribution to the knowledge of Rifian traditional medicine. II: Folk medicine in Ksar Lakbir district (NW Morocco). Fitoterapia 71(3): 278-307
  • Miranda Bastos, A.D. and Matos Filhos, A. de (1962) A 'Jacaranda' timber causing dermatitis. Proc. 5th Forest. Congr. 3: 1414.
  • Modlmayer (1931) Palisander-bzw. Cocoboloholz-dermatitis. Zentralblatt für Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten 36(11/12): 728
  • Moll, F. (1950) Giftiges Holz und Gewbekrankheiten. Holz (Munchen) 4: 76.
  • Moll, F. (1950) Giftiges Holz und Gewerbekrankheiten. Holz 4: 77.
  • Morgan, J.W.W. and Thomson, J. (1947) Ayan dermatitis. Brit. J. Industr. Med. 24: 156.
  • Morgan, J.W.W., Orsler, R.J. and Wilkinson, D.S. (1968) Dermatitis due to the wood dusts of Khaya anthotheca and Macherium scleroxylon. Brit. J. Ind. Med. 25: 119.
  • Morris, D. (1896) On the singular effect produced on certain animals in the West Indies feeding on the young shoots, leaves and seeds of the wild Tamarind or Junibai plant (Leucaena glauca Benth.). Brit. Ass. Adv. Sci. Rep. 1017.
  • Morton JF (1962a) Ornamental plants with toxic and/or irritant properties. II. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 75: 484-491 [url]
  • Morton, J.F. (1971) Plants Poisonous to People in Florida and Other Warm Areas. Miami, Florida. Hurricane House Publishers Inc.
  • Muenscher, W.C. (1951) Poisonous Plants of the United States. 2nd edn. New York, MacMillan Co.
  • Murray, R., Dingwall-Fordyce, I. and Lane, R.E. (1957) An outbreak of Weaver's cough associated with tamarind seed powder. Brit. J. Industr. Med. 14: 105.
  • Nestler, A. (1912) Die hautreizende Wirkung des Cocoboloholzes. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 30: 120.
  • Nestler, A. (1924) Hautreizende Hölzer. Die Umschau 17: 860.
  • Nestler, A. (1924) Hautreizende Hölzer. Umschau 28: 1007.
  • Nestler, A. (1926) Die hautreizende Wirkung des sogenannten 'Padouk-Holzes'. Planta (Archiv für wissenschaftliche Botanica) 2: 537. Cited by Woods and Calnan (1976)
  • Nicolaides, N. (1965) Skin lipids IV. Biochemistry and function. American Oil Chemists Society Journal 42: 708.
  • Nordin, J. (1947) Yrkessjukdomar (Gewerbekrankheiten). Uppsala. Ed. 2. p. 605-611.
  • North, P.M. (1967) Poisonous Plants and Fungi in Colour. London. Blandford Press Ltd.
  • Nugmanova ML and Kalitina NF (1979) Sluchai kontaktnogo dermatita, vyzvannogo solodkoi. [Cases of contact dermatitis caused by licorice]. Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii (11): 62-64
  • Oakes AJ and Butcher JO (1962) Poisonous and Injurious Plants of the U.S. Virgin Islands. Miscellaneous Publication No. 882. Washington, DC: Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Ogiyama, K. and Yasue, M. (1973) Constituents of Machaerium pedicellatum heartwood. Phytochemistry 12: 2544.
  • Oleffe J.A., Sporcq J, Hublet P (1975a) Epidemiological study of the wood industry in Belgium. Contact Dermatitis 1: 315-316
  • Ølholm-Larsen, 0. and Heydenreich, C. (1976) Allergy to balsam of Peru and wood tars: an increasing problem? Contact Dermatitis 2: 293.
  • Oliver, B. (1959) Nigeria's Useful Plants. Nigerian Field 24: 70.
  • Ollis, W.D. (1968) New structural variants among the isoflavonoid and neo-flavanoid classes. In: Recent Advances in Phytochemistry. Vol. 1. ed. Mabry, T. New York. Appleton-Century-Crofts.
  • Opdyke, D.L.J. (1973) Monographs on fragrance raw materials. Fd Cosmet. Toxicol. 11: 1011-1030.
  • Opdyke DLJ, Letizia C (1982) Fragrance raw materials monographs. Cabreuva oil. Food and Chemical Toxicology 20(Suppl): 645
  • Ordman, D. (1949a) Wood dust as an inhalant allergen. South Afr. Med. J. 23: 972.
  • Ordman, A. (1949b) Bronchial asthma caused by the inhalation of wood dust. Ann. Allergy. 7: 492.
  • Orsler, R.J. (1969) The effects of irritant timbers. Woodworking Industry 26: 28.
  • Orsler, R.J. (1973) Personal communication to J.C. Mitchell from Forest Products Research Laboratory, Princes Risborough. Bucks. England.
  • Owen, L.N. (1958) Hair loss and other toxic effects of Leucaenia glauca ("Jumbey"). Veterinary Record 70: 454.
  • Pathak, M.A., Daniels, F., and Fitzpatrick, T.B. (1962) Presently known distribution of furocoumarins (psoralens) in plants. J. Invest. Derm. 39: 225-239.
  • Paufique, L. and Hugonnier, R. (1966) Iriodocyclite recidivante par epine d'acacia dans le corps ciliaire. Bull. Soc.-Ophtal. Franc. 66: 547.
  • Pereira J (1842) Elements of Materia Medica and Therapeutics. 2nd edn. Vol. 1 & 2. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans
  • Perry LM and Metzger J (1980) Medicinal Plants of East and Southeast Asia: Attributed Properties and Uses. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press
  • Peterkin, G.Z.G. (1948) Textile dermatitis in men. Archs Derm. Syph. 58: 249.
  • Pettier (1918) cited by Record and Hess (1943) and by Woods and Calnan (1976).
  • Phillips, E.W.J. (1966) Dermatitis caused by a rosewood substitute. Wood 31: 44.
  • Pichard, R. and Luco, J.V. (1944) A pharmacological study of an extract of Erythrina crista galli. J. Pharmacol. 80: 62.
  • Prosser White R (1934) The Dermatergoses or Occupational Affections of the Skin. 4th edn. London: HK Lewis
  • Puschner B, Galey FD, Holstege DM and Palazoglu M (1998) Sweet clover poisoning in dairy cattle in California. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 212(6): 857-859
  • Quisumbing, E. (1951) Medicinal Plants of the Philippines. Philipp. Dep. Agr. and Nat. Resources Tech. Bull. No. 16. Manila. Bureau of Printing. 1234 pp.
  • Racouchot J (1939) Plantes à roténone. Dermatose professionnelle. [Plants containing rotenone. Occupational dermatitis]. Archives des Maladies Professionnelles. Hygiène et Toxicologie Industrielles 2(2): 149-151
  • Radostits OM, Searcy GP and Mitchall KG (1980) Mouldy sweet clover poisoning in cattle. Canadian Veterinary Journal 21(5): 155-158
  • Raymond, V. (1959) Dermatoses professionnelles dans la bâtiment. Revue du Praticien 9: 2683.
  • Record, S.J. and Garratt, G.A. (1923) Cocobolo-wood. Yale Univ. School of Forestry Bulletin (8): 35.
  • Record, S.J. and Hess, R.W. (1943) Timbers of the New World. New Haven, Yale.
  • Rego de Sousa J, Gottlieb OR, Taveira Magalhaes M (1967) A quimica de Leguminosas Brasileiras. XIII. Neoflavonoides nos gêneros Goniorrhachis e Peltogyne. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 39: 227-231
  • Reiches, A.J. (1953) Occupational melanosis. Archs Derm. Syph. 67: 616.
  • Remington JP, Wood HC, Sadtler SP, LaWall CH, Kraemer H, Anderson JF (Eds) (1918) The Dispensatory of the United States of America. 20th edn. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Reynolds JEF (Ed.) (1996) Martindale. The Extra Pharmacopoeia. 31st edn. London: Royal Pharmaceutical Society
  • Richardson, H.H. (1943) The action of bean leaves against the bed-bug. J. Econ. Entomol. 36: 543.
  • Riehl, G. (1917) Über eigenartige Malanose. Wien. Klin. Wchnschr. 30: 780.
  • Rockstro, R.S. (1890) The Flute. 2nd edn. pp. 141-142. London, Rudall Carte (1928) cited by Woods and Calnan (1976).
  • Robertson, D.G. (1926) An investigation of certain health aspects in persons engaged in the wood working industries. Commonwealth Dept. of Health. (Division of Industrial Hygiene). Pub. No. 4. Melbourne. Government Printer.
  • Rost, G.A. (1924) Dermatitis herpetiformis and the thyroid. Klin. Wschr. 3: 14. Abstr. J. Am. Med. Ass. 82: 588, 19-24.
  • Rotberg, A. (1938) Dermatitis due to hypersensitivity to caviuna. Arch. Dermat. Sao Paulo 2: 141.
  • Rowe, A.H. (1931) Botanical survey of San Joaquin County in central California. J. Allergy 3: 98.
  • Rudzki, E. and Grzywa, Z. (1976) Immediate reactions to balsam of Peru, cassia oil and ethyl vanillin. Contact Dermatitis 2: 360.
  • Sandermann W and Barghoorn A-W (1956) Gesundheitsschädigende Hölzer. (Ein Übersichtsbericht). Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff 14(3): 87-94
  • Sandermann, W. and Lange, W. (1967) Chemische Untersuchung des Holzes von Angélique (Basralocus - Dicorynia guianensis Amsh.). Holzforschung 21: 154.
  • Schmidt RJ (1985) The super-nettles: a dermatologist's guide to ants in the plants. International Journal of Dermatology 24(4): 204-210 [doi] [url] [url-2] [pmid]
  • Schoental, R. (1965) Toxicology of natural products. Food & Cosmetics Toxicology 3: 609.
  • Schröpl, E. (1934) Eczema from Grenadilla wood. Derm. Wschr. 16: 498-500. Abstr. in Urol. Cutan. Rev. 39: 571 (1935).
  • Schulmann, E. and Detouillon, P. (1932) L'eczéma du bois et la sensibilisation sylvestre. Paris Med. 83: 55.
  • Schulz, K.-H. (1962) Chemische Struktur und Allergene Wirkung. Editio Cantor KG. Aulendorf/ Württ.
  • Schulz, K.H. and Dietrichs, H.H. (1962) Chinone als sensibilisierende Bestandteile von Rio Palisander (Dalbergia nigra) und Cocobolo (D. retusa) Holz. Allergie u. Asthma. 8: 125.
  • Schwartz L, Tulipan L, Peck SM (1947) Occupational Diseases of the Skin. 2nd edn. London: Henry Kimpton
  • Schwartz L, Tulipan L, Birmingham DJ (1957) Occupational Diseases of the Skin, 3rd edn. London: Henry Kimpton [WorldCat]
  • Schweisheimer, W. (1952) Wood dust and respiratory diseases. Wood 17: 181.
  • Senear, F.E. (1933) Dermatitis due to woods. J. Am. Med. Ass. 101: 1527.
  • Seshadri, T.R. (1972) Polyphenols of Pterocarpus and Dalbergia woods. Phytochemistry. 11: 81.
  • Seshadri, T.R. (1972) Polyphenols of Pterocarpus and Dalbergia woods. Phytochemistry 11: 881.
  • Sézary, A. and Deval, L. (1932) Dermite artificielle causée par des gants noirs. Bull. Soc. Franc. Derm. Syph. 39: 1370.
  • Shelley WB and Arthur RP (1955a) Mucunain, the active pruritogenic proteinase of cowhage. Science 122(3167): 469-470
  • Shelley WB and Arthur RP (1955b) Studies on cowhage (Mucuna pruriens) and its pruritogenic proteinase, mucunain. AMA Archives of Dermatology 72(5): 399-406
  • Shelmire B (1939a) Contact dermatitis from weeds: patch testing with their oleoresins. Journal of the American Medical Association 113(12): 1085-1090 (and unpublished table of results accompanying reprints)
  • Shelmire, B. (1940) Contact dermatitis from vegetation. South Med. J. 33: 338.
  • Simatupang MH, Dietrichs HH, Gottwald H (1967) Über die hautreizenden Stoffe in Vatairea guianensis Aubl. [On the skin-irritating principles of Vatairea guianensis Aubl.]. Holzforschung 21(3): 89-94 [doi] [url]
  • Simons, C.P. (1948) A tropical occupational disease due to derris. Acta Derm.-Venereol. 28: 601 (Abstract in Brit. J. Indust. Med. 6: 265, 1949).
  • Simons, R.D.G. (1952) Handbook of Tropical Dermatology. New York. Elsevier.
  • Singh, G., Ansari, Z. and Dvivedi, R.N. (1974) Vitiligo in ancient Indian Medicine. Arch. Derm. 109: 913.
  • Singh R, Siddiqui MA, Baruah MC (1978) Plant dermatitis in Delhi. Indian Journal of Medical Research 68(Oct): 650-655
  • Sneid, P. (1955) Occupational health on the farm. Indust. Med. 24: 117.
  • Somerset, E.J. (1945) Self-inflicted conjunctivitis. Brit. J. Ophth. 29: 196.
  • Somerville-Large, L.B. (1947) Self-inflicted eye injuries. Trans. Ophth. Soc. U.K. 67: 185.
  • Sprague, P.H. (1942) Bronchial asthma due to sensitivity to gum acacia. Canad. Med. Ass. J. 47: 253.
  • Stahmann MA, Huebner CF, Link KP (1941) Studies on the hemorrhagic sweet clover disease. V. Identification and synthesis of the hemorrhagic agent. Journal of Biological Chemistry 138(2): 513-527
  • Stapf, 0. (1909) XXXIX - Lignum Nephriticum. Kew Bull. (7): 293.
  • Steinbrinck, W. (1950) Besondere Beobachtungen an allergischen Krankheiten. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte innere Medizin. 5: 311.
  • Stern, E. (1891) Ueber einige Hautkrankheiten der Musiker: ein Beitrag zu den professionellen Dermatosen. Münch. Med. Wchnschr 38: 739.
  • Stern, E. (1891) Über einige Hautkrankungen der Musiker. Münch. Med. Wschr. 42: 739. cited by Hausen (1970).
  • Sternberg, M. (1908) Aus dem Gebiete der Berufskrankheiten. Med. Klin. 14: 479.
  • Stewart, C.D. (1940) Mesquite wood dermatitis. Archs Derm. Syph. 42: 937.
  • Steyn DG (1934) The Toxicology of Plants in South Africa together with a consideration of poisonous foodstuffs and fungi. South Africa: Central News Agency
  • Strakosch, E.A. (1944) Studies on ointments. VI. Ointments containing chrysarobin. Archs Derm. Syph. 49(1): 1.
  • Stuart GA (1911) Chinese Materia Medica. Vegetable Kingdom. Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press
  • Stuart M (1979) Reference section. In: Stuart M (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. pp. 141-283. London: Orbis Publishing
  • Suhonen, R. (1976) Phototoxicity of methoxsalen in various vehicles. Contact Dermatitis 2: 264.
  • Symanski, H.J. (1957) Opticuatrophic nach Verarbeitung von exotischen Hölzern. Medizinische Klinik 52: 198.
  • Thiébault, A. (1965) Nomenclature Generale des Bois Tropicaux. L'Association Technique Internationale des Bois Tropicaux. 45, bis Avenue de la Belle-Gabrielle, Nogent-sur-Marne, France.
  • Thienes, C.H. and Haley, T.J. (1972) Clinical Toxicology. 5th ed. Philadelphia. Lea & Febiger.
  • Thompson, W.G. (1914) The Occupational Diseases. New York. Appleton. (cited by Garratt, G.A. (1922)).
  • Thompson, W.G. (1914) The Occupational Diseases. New York, Appleton.
  • Thomson RH (1971) Naturally Occurring Quinones, 2nd edn. London: Academic Press [WorldCat] [url]
  • Todd RG (Ed.) (1967) Martindale. The Extra Pharmacopoeia. 25th edn. London: Pharmaceutical Press
  • Tottie, M. (1939) Jacaranda als Ursache von Dermatitiden. Acta Derm.-Venereol 19: 235.
  • Touraine, Hesse, J. and Golé (1932) Vingt cas de dermatite par bois satine ('Peroba grande amarella'). Bull. Soc. Franc. Derm. Syph. 39: 1392.
  • Touraine, A., Ménétrel, B. and Jouenne, M. (1934) Eczematous dermatitis from pallisander. Bull. Soc. Franc. Derm. Syph. 41: 1969
  • Touton K (1932) Hauterkrankungen durch phanerogamische Pflanzen und ihre Produkte (Toxicodermia et Allergodermia phytogenes). In: Jadassohn J (Ed.) Handbuch der Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten. Band IV, Teil I. Angeborene Anomalien. Lichtdermatosen. Pflanzengifte. Thermische Schädigungen. Einfluss Innerer Störungen auf die Haut, pp. 487-697. Berlin: Julius Springer [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Trease GE and Evans WC (1966) A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. 9th edn. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cassell
  • Turiaf, J., Tabart, J., Seneze, M., and Vernier, D.(1959) Allergy to gum arabic in printing workers. J. Franc. Med. Chir. Thor. 13: 617.
  • Turner, W.J. and Merlis, S. (1959) Effect of some indolealkylamines on man. Arch. Neur. Psych. 81: 121.
  • Twigg LE, King DR, Bowen LH, et al. (1996) Fluoroacetate content of some species of the toxic Australian plant genus, Gastrolobium, and its environmental persistence. Natural Toxins 4(3): 122-127
  • Uhe, G. (1974) Medicinal Plants of Samoa. Econ. Bot. 28: 1.
  • UNESCO (1960) Medicinal Plants of the Arid Zones. Arid Zone Research — XIII. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization [WorldCat] [url]
  • Urbach, F. (1972) Temple University, School of Medicine. In discussion American Academy of Dermatology, December 1972.
  • Usher G (1974) A Dictionary of Plants used by Man. London: Constable and Company
  • Van Dijk, E., Neering, H. and Vitanyi, B.E.J. (1973) Contact hypersensitivity to sesame oil in patients with leg ulcers and eczema. Acta Derm.-Venereol 53: 133.
  • Van Ketel, W.G. (1978) Dermatitis from octyl gallate in peanut butter. Contact Dermatitis 4: 60.
  • Verdcourt, B. and Trump, E.C. (1969) Common Poisonous Plants of East Africa. London. Collins.
  • Virchow, C. (1965) Allergy to soybean. Allergie Asthma 11: 57.
  • von Reis Altschul S (1973) Drugs and Foods from Little-Known Plants. Notes in Harvard University Herbaria. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Vorreiter, L. (1949) Holztechnologisches Handbuck. Wien, Fromme (later edition 1958).
  • Wahlberg, I. et al. (1971) Constituents of commercial Tolu Balsam. Acta Chem. Scand. 25: 3285.
  • Wagenfuhr, R. (1961) Gift es giftige Holzer? Mobel u. Wohnr. 4: 120.
  • Wagenfuhr, R. (1967) Kann Holz giftig sein? Wiss. Fortschr. 6: 279.
  • Waldbott, G.L. and Shea, J.J. (1948) Causative diagnosis of contact dermatitis II. A classification of patterns on the hands. Archs Derm. Syph. 57: 975.
  • Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. Being an account of their medicinal and other uses, chemical composition, pharmacological effects and toxicology in man and animal, 2nd edn. Edinburgh: E & S Livingstone [WorldCat] [url]
  • Webb LJ (1948a) Guide to medicinal and poisonous plants of Queensland. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Bulletin 232.
  • Weber, L.F. (1937) External causes of dermatitis. A list of irritants. Archs Derm. Syph. 35: 129.
  • Wheeler WM (1942) Studies on neotropical ant-plants and their ants. Part I. The neotropical ant plants. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard 90(1): 3-154 [url] [url-2]
  • White, J.C. (1887) Dermatitis venenata: An account of the Action of External Irritants upon the Skin. Boston. Cupples & Hurd.
  • Wignall WN, Banks AW, Hackett E and Irving EA (1961) Dicoumarol poisoning of cattle and sheep in South Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 37(12): 456-459
  • Wilkinson, D.S. (1971) Dermatitis from Khaya mahoganies in the furniture industry. 'Atti' del symposium sulla preventione delle dermatose professionali. Monte Porzio Cantone, 1960 and personal communication (1971).
  • Williamson J (1955) Useful Plants of Nyasaland. (Edited by Greenway PJ). Zomba, Nyasaland: Government Printer [WorldCat] [url]
  • Willis JC (1973) A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns, 8th edn. (Revised by Airy Shaw HK). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [WorldCat]
  • Wodehouse, R.P. (1971) Hayfever Plants. 2nd rev. edition. New York, Hafner.
  • Woods B and Calnan CD (1976) Toxic woods. British Journal of Dermatology 95(Suppl. 13): 1-97.
  • Wren RC (1975) Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. (Re-edited and enlarged by Wren RW). Bradford, Devon: Health Science Press [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Yamini B, Poppenga RH, Braselton WE, Judge LJ (1995) Dicoumarol (moldy sweet clover) toxicosis in a group of Holstein calves. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 7(3): 420-422
  • Zafiropoulo, A., Audibert, A. and Charpin, J. (1968) A propos des accidents dus à la manipulation des bois exotiques. Rev. Franc. Allerg. 8: 155.



Richard J. Schmidt [Valid HTML 4.01!]



[2D-QR coded url]
url