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(Lopseed family)


• Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of one species in the preparation of a poultice has been documented. •
• Adverse effects: •
• Veterinary aspects: •

The family comprises about 135 species in 13 genera, distributed worldwide but with the majority in western North America and Australia (Mabberley 2008). Now placed in the Phrymaceae by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003), members of this family have previously been classified variously in the Gesneriaceae, Plantaginaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Verbenaceae, and Veronicaceae.

According to Mabberley (2008), the principal genera are Glossostigma Wight & Arn. [6 spp.], Mazus Lour. [20 spp.], Mimulus L. [91 spp.], and Peplidium Delile [7 spp.]. Larger-flowered species and cultivars of Mazus Lour., and Mimulus L. are commonly grown as ornamentals (Wright & Dewar 1913, Hunt 1968/70).

Mimulus glabratus Kunth var. jamesii A.Gray
[syns Mimulus glabratus Kunth var. fremontii A.L.Grant, Mimulus jamesii Torr. & A.Gray ex Benth. var. fremontii Benth., Mimulus reniformis Engelm. ex Benth.]
James' Monkeyflower

von Reis & Lipp (1982) found an herbarium note stating that in Mexico Mimulus glabratus var. fremontii provides a good emollient poultice.


  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141(4): 399-436 [doi] [url] [url-2]
  • Hunt P (Ed.) (1968/70) The Marshall Cavendish Encyclopedia of Gardening. London: Marshall Cavendish [WorldCat]
  • Mabberley DJ (2008) Mabberley's Plant-Book. A portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, 3rd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [WorldCat]
  • von Reis S, Lipp FJ (1982) New Plant Sources for Drugs and Foods from The New York Botanical Garden Herbarium. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press [WorldCat]
  • Wright CH, Dewar D (1913) Johnson's Gardener's Dictionary, revised and enlarged edn. London: G. Bell and Sons [WorldCat]

Richard J. Schmidt

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