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(Evening Primrose or Willow Herb family)
640 species in 21 genera are found in temperate and tropical regions.
[Summary yet to be added]
- Fuchsia L.
100 species are found in New Zealand, Tahiti and central and South America. Several species and countless hybrids / cultivars are of significant horticultural importance because of their showy flowers, being widely grown as ornamentals.
Positive patch test reactions to a hybrid of this genus and also to Streptocarpus were reported by Agrup and Fregert (1968) and Agrup (1969).
- Gaura mollis James
- (syn. Gaura parviflora Douglas ex. Lehm.)
- Lizard's Tail, Small-Flowered Gaura, Velvetweed
In an investigation of "weed dermatitis", an extract prepared from Gaura parviflora produced a positive patch test reaction in one of 50 patients tested (Shelmire 1939a). Shelmire (1940) subsequently described the plant as an infrequent sensitiser.
- Oenothera biennis L.
- Common Evening Primrose
Maiden (1909b) received a report that this plant can produce eczema in humans. Cleland (1914) also referred to this report.
- Oenothera speciosa Nutt.
- (syn. Hartmannia speciosa Small, Xylopleurum speciosum Raim.)
- Pinkladies, Showy Evening Primrose
In an investigation of "weed dermatitis", an extract prepared from Hartmannia speciosa produced a positive patch test reaction in one of 50 patients tested (Shelmire 1939a). Shelmire (1940) subsequently described the plant as an infrequent sensitiser.
- Agrup, G. and Fregert, S. (1968) Patch test reactions to Streptocarpus. Contact Dermatitis Newsletter (4): 72.
- Agrup, G. (1969) Hand eczema and other hand dermatoses in South Sweden. Acta Derm.-Vener. 49(Suppl. 61): 1-91.
- Cleland JB (1914) Plants, including fungi, poisonous or otherwise injurious to man in Australia. Australasian Medical Gazette 35(25; 26): 541-544; 569-572 [url]
- Maiden JH (1909b) On some plants which cause inflammation or irritation of the skin. Part II. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 20(12): 1073-1082 [url] [url-2]
- Shelmire B (1939a) Contact dermatitis from weeds: patch testing with their oleoresins. Journal of the American Medical Association 113(12): 1085-1090 (and unpublished table of results accompanying reprints) [doi] [url] [url-2]
- Shelmire B (1940) Contact dermatitis from vegetation. Patch testing and treatment with plant oleoresins. Southern Medical Journal 33(4): 337-346 [url]