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ONAGRACEAE

(Evening Primrose or Willow Herb family)

 

640 species in 21 genera are found in temperate and tropical regions.

[Summary yet to be added]


Fuchsia L.

100 species are found in New Zealand, Tahiti and central and South America. Several species and countless hybrids / cultivars are of significant horticultural importance because of their showy flowers, being widely grown as ornamentals.

Positive patch test reactions to a hybrid of this genus and also to Streptocarpus were reported by Agrup and Fregert (1968) and Agrup (1969).



Gaura mollis James
(syn. Gaura parviflora Douglas ex. Lehm.)
Lizard's Tail, Small-Flowered Gaura, Velvetweed

In an investigation of "weed dermatitis", an extract prepared from Gaura parviflora produced a positive patch test reaction in one of 50 patients tested (Shelmire 1939a). Shelmire (1940) subsequently described the plant as an infrequent sensitiser.



Oenothera biennis L.
Common Evening Primrose

Maiden (1909b) received a report that this plant can produce eczema in humans. Cleland (1914b) also referred to this report.



Oenothera speciosa Nutt.
(syn. Hartmannia speciosa Small, Xylopleurum speciosum Raim.)
Pinkladies, Showy Evening Primrose

In an investigation of "weed dermatitis", an extract prepared from Hartmannia speciosa produced a positive patch test reaction in one of 50 patients tested (Shelmire 1939a). Shelmire (1940) subsequently described the plant as an infrequent sensitiser.


References

  • Agrup, G. and Fregert, S. (1968) Patch test reactions to Streptocarpus. Contact Dermatitis Newsletter (4): 72.
  • Agrup, G. (1969) Hand eczema and other hand dermatoses in South Sweden. Acta Derm.-Vener. 49(Suppl. 61): 1-91.
  • Cleland JB (1914b) Plants, including fungi, poisonous or otherwise injurious to man in Australia. Australasian Medical Gazette 35(26): 569-572
  • Maiden JH (1909b) On some plants which cause inflammation or irritation of the skin. Part II. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 20(12): 1073-1082 [url] [url-2]
  • Shelmire B (1939a) Contact dermatitis from weeds: patch testing with their oleoresins. Journal of the American Medical Association 113(12): 1085-1090 (and unpublished table of results accompanying reprints) [doi] [url] [url-2]
  • Shelmire B (1940) Contact dermatitis from vegetation. Patch testing and treatment with plant oleoresins. Southern Medical Journal 33(4): 337-346 [url]



Richard J. Schmidt [Valid HTML 4.01!]



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