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About 400 species in 58 genera are found in tropical regions.

[Summary yet to be added]

Apodytes dimidiata E.Mey. ex Arn.
White Pear

Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk (1962) note that in southern Africa the leaf is applied by the Luo in inflammation of the ear.

Cassinopsis ilicifolia Kuntze

The thorn of this species, which is straight and about 1 in [= 2.5 cm] long, produces a burning sensation on penetrating the skin (Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk 1962).

Citronella moorei R. Howard
(syn. Villaresia moorei F. Muell. ex Benth.)

This species yields a timber known as churnwood. Cleland (1943) notes that working with the wood of V. moorei causes sneezing.

Iodes ovalis Blume

von Reis Altschul (1973) found an herbarium note stating that the sap of the wood has been used in China to heal eye wounds.

Phytocrene blancoi Merr.

von Reis Altschul (1973) found herbarium notes stating that in the Philippines the leaves are applied for pinworms and the sap from the cut stem is a medicine for "singaw" (pink eye = conjunctivitis?).


  • Cleland JB (1943) Plants, including fungi, poisonous or otherwise injurious to man in Australia. Series IV. Medical Journal of Australia ii: 161
  • Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. Being an account of their medicinal and other uses, chemical composition, pharmacological effects and toxicology in man and animal, 2nd edn. Edinburgh: E & S Livingstone [WorldCat] [url]
  • von Reis Altschul S (1973) Drugs and Foods from Little-Known Plants. Notes in Harvard University Herbaria. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]

Richard J. Schmidt [Valid HTML 4.01!]

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